The Union Association survived for only one season (1884), as did the Players' League (1890), an attempt to return to the National Association structure of a league controlled by the players themselves. Both leagues are considered major leagues by many baseball researchers because of the perceived high caliber of play and the number of star players featured. However, some researchers have disputed the major league status of the Union Association, pointing out that franchises came and went and contending that the St. Louis club, which was deliberately "stacked" by the league's president (who owned that club), was the only club that was anywhere close to major league caliber.
Dave, nothing wrong with using bodyweight exercises, but I don’t see the benefits of using just bodyweight and kettlebell exercises. In my opinion, nothing can beat out free weights, but certain injuries/nagging pains causes us to adjust our workouts. I’m happy for you that you are in better shape now with bodyweight and kettlebell weights, but it would be wrong to assume that everyone would benefit by ditching free weights. I’m not blaming you for starting anything but I see a lot of bodyweight only and kettlebell only cults opening up condemning barbells and whatnot…. Simple fact, only barbells can build that type of rugged build that we are after… I didn’t say barbells exclusively, but I think that barbells are a must for building a solid foundation. Personally, I use bodyweight movements for conditioning and they work very well. I don’t bother with kettlebells because, quite honestly, I look like a giant fag doing them… Just my opinion, but I do love using them for high rep kettlebell rows and curls……
Those who say Bonds never failed a steroid test are correct (although he did fail an amphetamines test last season). But in the anti-doping world, testing has become a bit of a joke. The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and the . Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) push sports federations and leagues all over the world to have the highest-quality testing possible, but chasing the perfect test is like chasing a rain- bow: Even the best one is an illusion. As my colleagues and I at the New York Daily News reported last year, the NFL, which believed itself to be the gold standard of non-Olympic drug testing, had massive gaps in its program. From the end of a player’s season until the beginning of mini-camp—two months for players who were not in the playoffs—no one was tested. We knew because the men who did the testing said they weren’t given names to test that time of year. Those same drug program agents also told us players were only tested at the stadium during the season. That meant a player could leave practice or a game, slap a testosterone patch or rub a steroid cream onto his body, and know that by the time he came back to the stadium the next day, he would have benefited from the drug and the levels in his body would have dropped during the night to the point at which they would not trip a drug test.
The Story: In February 2005 Canseco released his autobiography and steroid tell-all, Juiced , Wild Times, Rampant 'Roids, Smash Hits, and How Baseball Got Big. In it he described himself as 'the chemist' having experimented on himself for years. He claimed to have educated and personally injected many players including Mark McGwire, Rafael Palmeiro, Juan Gonzalez, Ivan Rodriguez, and Jason Giambi. In his second book, Vindicated , Canseco added Magglio Ordonez to the list of players he had educated and injected with steroids. He also said he introduced Alex Rodriguez to a trainer/PED supplier after Rodriguez had asked where he could get steroids.