Our team participates in a variety of research projects to expand the reaches of current knowledge and techniques in all areas of modern dentistry. Among the many exciting developments, the Department of Dentistry is testing and investigating a human bone morphogenetic protein-2/absorbable collagen sponge developed by Genetics Institute for patients who have lost bone in the back (maxillary sinus) of their upper jaw. This unique absorbable collegen sponge (ACS) made from cow tendons acts as a carrier to supply the protein to the area of desired bone growth. The carrier is absorbed, meaning it will slowly and safely dissolve in the body. Studies in humans and animals with this particular protein have shown great strides with bone growth.
Fauchard was the pioneer of dental prosthesis , and he discovered many methods to replace lost teeth. He suggested that substitutes could be made from carved blocks of ivory or bone . He also introduced dental braces , although they were initially made of gold, he discovered that the teeth position could be corrected as the teeth would follow the pattern of the wires. Waxed linen or silk threads were usually employed to fasten the braces. His contributions to the world of dental science consist primarily of his 1728 publication Le chirurgien dentiste or The Surgeon Dentist. The French text included "basic oral anatomy and function, dental construction, and various operative and restorative techniques, and effectively separated dentistry from the wider category of surgery".  
The use of topical antibiotics on surgical wounds to reduce infection rates has been questioned.  Antibiotic ointments are likely to irritate the skin, slow healing, and could increase risk of developing contact dermatitis and antibiotic resistance .  It has been also been suggested that topical antibiotics should only be used when a person shows signs of infection and not as a preventative.  A systematic review published by Cochrane (organisation) in 2016, though, concluded that topical antibiotics applied over certain types of surgical wounds reduce the risk of surgical site infections, when compared to no treatment or use of Antiseptic s.  The review also did not find conclusive evidence to suggest that topical antibiotics increased the risk of local skin reactions or antibiotic resistance.