Transforaminal epidural steroid injection risks

An epidural steroid injection involves bathing an inflamed nerve root in steroids (potent anti-inflammation medicine) in order to decrease the irritation of the nerve root that is causing pain.  Epidural steroid injections are most commonly used in situations of radicular pain, which is a radiating pain that is transmitted away from the spine by an irritated spinal nerve. Irritation of a spinal nerve in the low back (lumbar radiculopathy) causes pain that goes down the leg. Epidural injections also are used to treat nerve compression in the neck (cervical spine), referred to as cervical radiculopathy.

Kenalog in blood - Derby et al. "Size and aggregation of corticosteroids used for epidural injections"

  • Depo-Medrol also formed large aggregations in the study by Tiso et al [6]
  • Celestone Soluspan formed large aggregations only in the Derby et al study  [7 ]
  • It is speculated that these large aggregates occlude smaller vessels, and thus lead to infarction .
  • Injection of methylprednisolone vs dexamethasone vs prednisolone into the vertebral artery of pigs – see summary of study here

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  • Citation tools Download this article to citation manager Cohen Steven P , Hanling Steven , Bicket Mark C , White Ronald L , Veizi Elias , Kurihara Connie et al. Epidural steroid injections compared with gabapentin for lumbosacral radicular pain: multicenter randomized double blind comparative efficacy study BMJ 2015; 350 :h1748
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    Transforaminal epidural steroid injection risks

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